The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic and renowned monuments in the world. Here are some key facts and information about the Taj Mahal:

1. **Location**: The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, a city in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It sits on the southern bank of the Yamuna River.

2. **Architectural Style**: The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, which is a blend of Persian, Islamic, and Indian architectural styles. It is often considered a prime example of Indo-Islamic architecture.

3. **Built by Shah Jahan**: The Taj Mahal was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died during childbirth in 1631. Construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1648, with additional structures and the surrounding garden completed later.

4. **Materials**: The main structure of the Taj Mahal is made of white marble, which was quarried from the nearby town of Makrana. The intricate designs on the marble are created using semi-precious stones and inlays of various colors.

5. **Design and Layout**: The Taj Mahal complex includes the main mausoleum, a mosque, a guesthouse, and extensive gardens. The main mausoleum has a symmetrical design, with a central dome and four minarets at each corner.

6. **Central Dome**: The central dome of the Taj Mahal is one of its most distinctive features. It is made of white marble and reaches a height of 73 meters (240 feet). It is adorned with a finial, which is a decorative element at the top.

7. **Inscriptions**: Verses from the Quran are inscribed on the walls of the Taj Mahal, along with intricate floral and geometric patterns. The calligraphy is particularly notable for its exquisite craftsmanship.

8. **Symbol of Love**: The Taj Mahal is often described as the "epitome of love" because it was built as a symbol of Shah Jahan's love for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is considered one of the most romantic buildings in the world.

9. **UNESCO World Heritage Site**: The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 in recognition of its cultural significance and architectural beauty.

10. **Tourist Attraction**: The Taj Mahal is one of the most visited tourist attractions in India and the world. Millions of visitors from around the globe come to admire its beauty and learn about its history each year.

11. **Conservation**: Due to environmental pollution and other factors, the Taj Mahal has faced challenges such as yellowing of the marble. Conservation efforts have been undertaken to protect and preserve this historic monument.

The Taj Mahal stands as a testament to the enduring power of love and remains an enduring symbol of India's rich history and cultural heritage. It is a must-visit destination for travelers and a source of pride for the people of India.

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